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蔡国雄建议开放电力市场

发布(bu)时间:2019-03-08

  2016年(nian)12月28日,“2016电(dian)(dian)力、热(re)力和碳市(shi)(shi)场协(xie)同发(fa)展促进雾霾治(zhi)理研讨(tao)会”在(zai)北京(jing)举(ju)行。北京(jing)政(zheng)协(xie)副(fu)主席、中国电(dian)(dian)科院(13.530,0.15,1.12%)副(fu)总工程师蔡国雄(xiong)出席并演讲。他(ta)表示,有些节能项目工程是(shi)在(zai)分(fen)时(shi)电(dian)(dian)价的基础上才(cai)能进行的,但是(shi)还有很多地域并非实施(shi)分(fen)时(shi)电(dian)(dian)价政(zheng)策(ce),所以政(zheng)策(ce)和机制(zhi)真正使得电(dian)(dian)力市(shi)(shi)场推向老百姓(47.150,0.50,1.07%),电(dian)(dian)能市(shi)(shi)场开放,才(cai)真正有可能实施(shi)。

   

  另外,他还建议(yi)领导(dao)用车(che)要(yao)用电(dian)动汽车(che),这样可以起到(dao)良(liang)好的模范榜样作用,并设(she)想电(dian)能自(zi)由买(mai)卖后,可通(tong)过C2C模式进行电(dian)能交易,电(dian)力市场比炒(chao)房子、股票更(geng)有市场。

   

  以下为(wei)演讲(jiang)实(shi)录(lu):

   

  蔡国雄:很高兴能够参(can)加这个会议对(dui)北京市的(de)雾霾,对(dui)北京市的(de)气候治理能够有所贡献(xian)。

   

  要(yao)把复(fu)(fu)杂的(de)事讲简(jian)单,这往往是很难的(de),要(yao)把简(jian)单的(de)事做复(fu)(fu)杂很简(jian)单。我(wo)今天(tian)试图用(yong)简(jian)单的(de)方法讲一(yi)下复(fu)(fu)杂的(de)事情,就是我(wo)们的(de)电力应(ying)该如(ru)何去做,如(ru)何去治理(li),如(ru)何参与到(dao)如(ru)何治理(li)雾霾(mai)这个大工程当(dang)中去。

   

  首先(xian)(xian)我要(yao)说的(de)是,刚才前面几位发(fa)言(yan)人都(dou)讲的(de)很好(hao),大家(jia)都(dou)注意到(dao)一(yi)(yi)点,那(nei)就是白天(tian)的(de)电(dian)价和晚上的(de)电(dian)价一(yi)(yi)定要(yao)有(you)差(cha)别。要(yao)是没有(you)差(cha)别的(de)话,前面的(de)许多(duo)工程(cheng)可能都(dou)不可能实施了(le)。可是大家(jia)知道,我们住在(zai)北(bei)京(jing),北(bei)京(jing)的(de)电(dian)价政策却不是分时电(dian)价,是阶梯电(dian)价,这给北(bei)京(jing)引(yin)进许多(duo)先(xian)(xian)进技(ji)术带(dai)来了(le)许多(duo)困惑。虽(sui)然我是北(bei)京(jing)的(de)领导(dao)人之一(yi)(yi),可是我对这项政策还是反对的(de),我还是希望北(bei)京(jing)应该能够把(ba)电(dian)价政策改(gai)变一(yi)(yi)下。只有(you)改(gai)变了(le),才有(you)可能像刚才说的(de)热力,利(li)用白天(tian)和夜间的(de)电(dian)价差(cha)把(ba)工程(cheng)做(zuo)下去。

   

  电(dian)(dian)能(neng)的(de)功率变化情况已(yi)经有很多图(tu),这(zhei)是具体(ti)的(de)一个(ge)(ge)图(tu)。我们知(zhi)道(dao)阶(jie)梯电(dian)(dian)价用(yong)(yong)电(dian)(dian)的(de)总量(liang),实(shi)施了(le)(le)阶(jie)梯电(dian)(dian)价以(yi)后(hou)压制了(le)(le)用(yong)(yong)电(dian)(dian)的(de)总量(liang),可是用(yong)(yong)电(dian)(dian)高峰会更(geng)尖,大家真正要用(yong)(yong)电(dian)(dian)的(de)时候(hou)(hou)(hou)(hou)是最(zui)热(re)的(de)时候(hou)(hou)(hou)(hou)、最(zui)冷(leng)的(de)时候(hou)(hou)(hou)(hou),这(zhei)时候(hou)(hou)(hou)(hou)空调(diao)全开。因为(wei)我们知(zhi)道(dao)既然电(dian)(dian)价是一样的(de)话,为(wei)什么不(bu)在峰值(zhi)的(de)时候(hou)(hou)(hou)(hou)不(bu)用(yong)(yong)这(zhei)个(ge)(ge)电(dian)(dian)呢?然后(hou)谷(gu)也(ye)就会更(geng)低。我们采用(yong)(yong)这(zhei)样的(de)阶(jie)梯电(dian)(dian)价并不(bu)利于绿色(se)能(neng)源(yuan)的(de)使用(yong)(yong),也(ye)就是谷(gu)电(dian)(dian)的(de)使用(yong)(yong)。刚(gang)才发言人说到(dao),低谷(gu)电(dian)(dian)不(bu)算节能(neng),算绿色(se)环保,我不(bu)太同意这(zhei)个(ge)(ge)观点和看法。

   

  大家知道,电(dian)力系统的发(fa)(fa)电(dian)机(ji),锅(guo)炉都是在晚上(shang),虽然(ran)是半熄(xi)火状态,但(dan)是没有熄(xi)灭,这(zhei)个(ge)时候发(fa)(fa)电(dian)效率是比较低的,发(fa)(fa)电(dian)效率要很高的话,就(jiu)应该是让它满(man)负荷发(fa)(fa)电(dian)。我们如果(guo)能够把(ba)谷电(dian)充分的使用,报高峰用电(dian)削平的话,实际上(shang)是起(qi)到(dao)了节能环(huan)保作用。我想不仅(jin)仅(jin)节能环(huan)保,对于削峰填(tian)谷都做到(dao)了。

   

  我(wo)们还可(ke)(ke)以(yi)考虑(lv)一个方(fang)(fang)法(fa),阶梯电价(jia)(jia)+分(fen)时(shi)(shi)(shi)电价(jia)(jia)的方(fang)(fang)法(fa)。另外,我(wo)们要(yao)发(fa)展(zhan)的终极目标不(bu)仅仅是(shi)要(yao)把这个阶梯电价(jia)(jia)改成分(fen)时(shi)(shi)(shi)电价(jia)(jia),而且最终要(yao)搞成实(shi)时(shi)(shi)(shi)电价(jia)(jia)。实(shi)时(shi)(shi)(shi)电价(jia)(jia)什么意思呢?股(gu)票市(shi)场无时(shi)(shi)(shi)不(bu)刻不(bu)在(zai)变动,而电力(li)市(shi)场用电图和发(fa)电能(neng)力(li)都是(shi)在(zai)不(bu)断变化的,所以(yi)我(wo)们希望将(jiang)来的发(fa)展(zhan)方(fang)(fang)向是(shi)实(shi)时(shi)(shi)(shi)的电价(jia)(jia)。实(shi)时(shi)(shi)(shi)电价(jia)(jia)对这个系统来说(shuo)有(you)很多益处的。因为用实(shi)时(shi)(shi)(shi)电价(jia)(jia)的方(fang)(fang)式(shi),可(ke)(ke)以(yi)使发(fa)电系统发(fa)电机处在(zai)满负荷状态。

   

  今天的讨论(lun)课题是(shi)电(dian)(dian)力(li)(li)、热力(li)(li)、碳(tan)市场(chang)。在前面(mian)电(dian)(dian)力(li)(li)市场(chang)和热力(li)(li)市场(chang)怎么(me)(me)样,我们(men)(men)看(kan)到(dao)(dao)电(dian)(dian)力(li)(li)市场(chang)主(zhu)要(yao)的问题是(shi)老百(bai)姓(xing)没有(you)参与(yu)到(dao)(dao)到(dao)(dao)电(dian)(dian)力(li)(li)交(jiao)易买(mai)卖(mai)(mai)当中去(qu)。如(ru)果要(yao)让老百(bai)姓(xing)进去(qu)怎么(me)(me)样买(mai)卖(mai)(mai)呢(ni)?用(yong)一(yi)个比较通俗的话(hua)讲(jiang),大家(jia)说淘(tao)宝什(shen)么(me)(me)东(dong)西都可(ke)以买(mai)到(dao)(dao),我说淘(tao)宝能(neng)(neng)买(mai)电(dian)(dian)吗,他们(men)(men)说不(bu)能(neng)(neng)。如(ru)果我们(men)(men)机(ji)制可(ke)以改变的话(hua),就有(you)可(ke)能(neng)(neng)在淘(tao)宝上(shang)进行电(dian)(dian)能(neng)(neng)买(mai)卖(mai)(mai)。淘(tao)宝上(shang)的电(dian)(dian)能(neng)(neng)买(mai)卖(mai)(mai)又是(shi)怎么(me)(me)实施的呢(ni)?大家(jia)知道,有(you)炒(chao)股的,炒(chao)房的,中央(yang)已(yi)经明(ming)令房子不(bu)是(shi)你们(men)(men)用(yong)来炒(chao)的,是(shi)用(yong)来住的,可(ke)是(shi)老百(bai)姓(xing)还要(yao)炒(chao)。为什(shen)么(me)(me)呢(ni)?大家(jia)知道炒(chao)东(dong)西都有(you)一(yi)个共同点(dian),要(yao)盈(ying)利。

   

  白天(tian)(tian)的(de)电(dian)和晚上的(de)电(dian)价(jia)格(ge)(ge)是一样的(de)。前面(mian)说了很(hen)多利用晚上的(de)电(dian)这(zhei)(zhei)些项目都(dou)不(bu)可(ke)能(neng)实(shi)施了。人们要(yao)炒什么东西,要(yao)在短时(shi)间(jian)内取得利益。有好的(de)预期(qi),风(feng)险(xian)小。如果(guo)这(zhei)(zhei)个电(dian)能(neng)的(de)价(jia)格(ge)(ge)真(zhen)正开(kai)放的(de)话,老(lao)百姓就很(hen)快(kuai)会参与到里面(mian)去。怎么参与呢?比如说实(shi)时(shi)电(dian)价(jia),先把(ba)晚上夜间(jian)便宜(yi)的(de)电(dian)储藏起来,在白天(tian)(tian)贵的(de)再卖出(chu)去。如果(guo)这(zhei)(zhei)样的(de)经营方(fang)式,如果(guo)在老(lao)百姓当中发(fa)现(xian)这(zhei)(zhei)是很(hen)有可(ke)能(neng)盈利的(de)。为什么呢?炒股当中能(neng)够(gou)短时(shi)间(jian)内取得盈利可(ke)不(bu)可(ke)以,24小时(shi),每天(tian)(tian)都(dou)有谷,每天(tian)(tian)都(dou)有峰。有好的(de)预期(qi),而且风(feng)险(xian)小。炒电(dian)的(de)有时(shi)候赚了,有时(shi)候亏(kui)了。我要(yao)告诉你,炒电(dian)是绝不(bu)会亏(kui)的(de),这(zhei)(zhei)个我们的(de)政策要(yao)跟(gen)上。

   

  谷时(shi)的(de)(de)定价(jia)(jia)和值时(shi)的(de)(de)电(dian)价(jia)(jia)拉开(kai)。短时(shi)间可(ke)以获(huo)益,靠峰谷电(dian)价(jia)(jia)可(ke)以当(dang)天(tian)获(huo)利。预期已经知(zhi)道了,用电(dian)高(gao)峰时(shi)电(dian)价(jia)(jia)高(gao),谷时(shi)低(di)。有没(mei)有风险呢?没(mei)有风险。老百姓就要考(kao)虑,是(shi)否买(mai)(mai)谁的(de)(de)电(dian)。北京的(de)(de)人就只能(neng)买(mai)(mai)北京供电(dian)局的(de)(de)电(dian),是(shi)没(mei)有选择(ze)的(de)(de)。比如我想买(mai)(mai)华动的(de)(de)电(dian),对不(bu)起(qi),买(mai)(mai)不(bu)了,我们的(de)(de)机(ji)制不(bu)能(neng)买(mai)(mai)。现(xian)在是(shi)雨季,三峡的(de)(de)水(shui)很(hen)充沛,我们能(neng)不(bu)能(neng)够(gou)低(di)价(jia)(jia)买(mai)(mai)三峡的(de)(de)水(shui)?不(bu)能(neng)。

   

  我(wo)(wo)们应(ying)该更(geng)加的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)提倡,从电(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)力(li)系(xi)统给(ji)电(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)动(dong)(dong)(dong)汽车(che)(che)充(chong)(chong)(chong)(chong)电(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian),也可以(yi)在(zai)(zai)高(gao)(gao)峰负(fu)荷的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)时候返向电(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)力(li)市场(chang),整个电(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)网白天高(gao)(gao)峰时期卖(mai)(mai)(mai)给(ji),也就是(shi)充(chong)(chong)(chong)(chong)电(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)桩(zhuang)做的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)不(bu)(bu)太(tai)妥,我(wo)(wo)们充(chong)(chong)(chong)(chong)电(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)桩(zhuang)只是(shi)给(ji)充(chong)(chong)(chong)(chong)电(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de),不(bu)(bu)考虑让汽车(che)(che)把电(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)卖(mai)(mai)(mai)给(ji)电(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)网,老百姓(xing)失去(qu)了(le)买(mai)卖(mai)(mai)(mai)电(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)权利。所以(yi)我(wo)(wo)们现在(zai)(zai)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)电(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)力(li)市场(chang)还(hai)(hai)有(you)待充(chong)(chong)(chong)(chong)分。我(wo)(wo)们希望能(neng)够开发(fa)平时有(you)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de),充(chong)(chong)(chong)(chong)电(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)桩(zhuang)不(bu)(bu)要叫充(chong)(chong)(chong)(chong)电(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)桩(zhuang),充(chong)(chong)(chong)(chong)电(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)桩(zhuang)和(he)卖(mai)(mai)(mai)电(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)桩(zhuang)两个功能(neng)应(ying)该合在(zai)(zai)一(yi)(yi)个电(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)桩(zhuang)上。老百姓(xing)可以(yi)在(zai)(zai)这(zhei)个电(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)装亿上做买(mai)电(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)和(he)卖(mai)(mai)(mai)电(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)操作。老百姓(xing)很快(kuai)就可以(yi)看到(dao),电(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)动(dong)(dong)(dong)汽车(che)(che)不(bu)(bu)光(guang)是(shi)一(yi)(yi)个交通工具(ju),还(hai)(hai)是(shi)一(yi)(yi)个炒电(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)很好(hao)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)工具(ju)。当人(ren)们意识(shi)到(dao)这(zhei)一(yi)(yi)点的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)时候,电(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)动(dong)(dong)(dong)汽车(che)(che)会好(hao)卖(mai)(mai)(mai)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)多。电(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)动(dong)(dong)(dong)汽车(che)(che)淘汰下(xia)来的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)电(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)池之所以(yi)淘汰,是(shi)因(yin)为作为汽车(che)(che)不(bu)(bu)合适(shi)了(le),汽车(che)(che)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)能(neng)源不(bu)(bu)合适(shi)了(le),如果把这(zhei)些电(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)池放在(zai)(zai)家里面,作为储能(neng)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)工具(ju),用(yong)它(ta)去(qu)买(mai)电(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)卖(mai)(mai)(mai)电(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)话,那么我(wo)(wo)们现在(zai)(zai)电(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)蓄电(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)池的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)利用(yong)价(jia)值会极大的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)提高(gao)(gao)。我(wo)(wo)觉(jue)得我(wo)(wo)们在(zai)(zai)电(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)力(li)市场(chang)方面,特别是(shi)让老百姓(xing)进入电(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)力(li)市场(chang)是(shi)一(yi)(yi)个很重(zhong)要的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)事情,对热力(li)市场(chang)也是(shi)同样的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)。

   

  刚才说到发(fa)电(dian)(dian)和(he)用电(dian)(dian)的(de)平(ping)衡问(wen)题,我们在(zai)储能这个角度还(hai)可以有很多新的(de)思路。比如说公共交通(tong)。北(bei)京电(dian)(dian)动汽(qi)车用的(de)比较多,可是(shi)(shi)真(zhen)正节能的(de),真(zhen)正环保的(de)是(shi)(shi)无轨电(dian)(dian)车,或(huo)者是(shi)(shi)无轨电(dian)(dian)车加(jia)一部分电(dian)(dian)池这样(yang)的(de)公交汽(qi)车。

   

  另(ling)外(wai)一个,储(chu)(chu)电于民。老(lao)百姓要(yao)储(chu)(chu)电。另(ling)外(wai)是(shi)分布式(shi)电源与(yu)(yu)特高压电网(wang),无限充电方式(shi)与(yu)(yu)储(chu)(chu)能(neng)(neng)的(de)(de)组合等等,我(wo)们(men)(men)(men)要(yao)更新一下概念(nian),我(wo)们(men)(men)(men)说电动(dong)车(che)(che)(che)(che)退步开,大(da)家去山东就(jiu)会(hui)发现,现在北(bei)(bei)京(jing)老(lao)年(nian)代(dai)步车(che)(che)(che)(che)在街上(shang)到处横(heng)冲直撞。到山东地界的(de)(de)时(shi)候你们(men)(men)(men)就(jiu)会(hui)发现,那(nei)里不是(shi)老(lao)年(nian)代(dai)步车(che)(che)(che)(che),是(shi)普通的(de)(de)代(dai)步车(che)(che)(che)(che),有(you)很大(da)的(de)(de)销售市场(chang),这(zhei)个不能(neng)(neng)不引起(qi)引起(qi)我(wo)们(men)(men)(men)的(de)(de)反思(si)。低速的(de)(de)电动(dong)车(che)(che)(che)(che)在山东是(shi)睁(zheng)一只(zhi)眼(yan)闭一只(zhi)眼(yan)。利用电动(dong)车(che)(che)(che)(che)进行充电的(de)(de)削峰填(tian)谷。我(wo)一说到这(zhei)个,这(zhei)个能(neng)(neng)储(chu)(chu)多(duo)少电。北(bei)(bei)京(jing)的(de)(de)车(che)(che)(che)(che)500万辆,如(ru)果把这(zhei)些车(che)(che)(che)(che)都变成电动(dong)车(che)(che)(che)(che),光是(shi)北(bei)(bei)京(jing)的(de)(de)车(che)(che)(che)(che)就(jiu)会(hui)成为几个三峡。你要(yao)建(jian)立一个三峡规模的(de)(de)扬水电站需要(yao)耗费多(duo)少国(guo)家投(tou)资,而如(ru)果老(lao)百姓家家户(hu)户(hu)用电动(dong)车(che)(che)(che)(che)去储(chu)(chu)能(neng)(neng)的(de)(de)话,我(wo)们(men)(men)(men)无形在老(lao)百姓当中就(jiu)有(you)了很大(da)的(de)(de)储(chu)(chu)电能(neng)(neng)力。

   

  我(wo)(wo)们(men)电(dian)的(de)(de)(de)(de)价格(ge)还可以(yi)以(yi)不同(tong)的(de)(de)(de)(de)方式(shi)去制(zhi)定。我(wo)(wo)可以(yi)给大家讲这样(yang)一个(ge)例子(zi)。在国外电(dian)是(shi)(shi)(shi)怎(zen)么卖(mai)(mai)的(de)(de)(de)(de)。一个(ge)企业说(shuo)我(wo)(wo)的(de)(de)(de)(de)企业白天(tian)(tian)(tian)、晚上(shang)都同(tong)样(yang)用(yong)(yong)电(dian),是(shi)(shi)(shi)不是(shi)(shi)(shi)电(dian)力系统(tong)(tong)可以(yi)给我(wo)(wo)让一点价,电(dian)力系统(tong)(tong)说(shuo)可以(yi),因(yin)为(wei)白天(tian)(tian)(tian)晚上(shang)同(tong)样(yang)用(yong)(yong)。然后他又(you)说(shuo)了,星期(qi)一到星期(qi)五(wu)用(yong)(yong)电(dian),星期(qi)六(16.910,0.10,0.59%)、星期(qi)日同(tong)样(yang)用(yong)(yong)电(dian),你是(shi)(shi)(shi)不是(shi)(shi)(shi)应该(gai)给我(wo)(wo)们(men)企业同(tong)样(yang)的(de)(de)(de)(de)优惠,电(dian)力系统(tong)(tong)说(shuo),当然了。不仅仅是(shi)(shi)(shi)冬天(tian)(tian)(tian)和(he)夏天(tian)(tian)(tian)用(yong)(yong)电(dian),而且春天(tian)(tian)(tian)和(he)秋天(tian)(tian)(tian)也用(yong)(yong)同(tong)样(yang)的(de)(de)(de)(de)电(dian),是(shi)(shi)(shi)不是(shi)(shi)(shi)应该(gai)给我(wo)(wo)更多的(de)(de)(de)(de)优惠呢?电(dian)价就依据(ju)他的(de)(de)(de)(de)用(yong)(yong)电(dian)方式(shi),价格(ge)就得到了改(gai)变。一个(ge)是(shi)(shi)(shi)用(yong)(yong)于交通(tong),另外一个(ge)就是(shi)(shi)(shi)储电(dian),让电(dian)价有差(cha),晚上(shang)充(chong)电(dian),白天(tian)(tian)(tian)卖(mai)(mai)电(dian),让老百姓(xing)参与。

   

  另外,最(zui)后一(yi)条请大(da)家关注,领导(dao)(dao)用(yong)(yong)(yong)车使用(yong)(yong)(yong)电(dian)动(dong)车。很(hen)(hen)多高(gao)层领导(dao)(dao)用(yong)(yong)(yong)的不是电(dian)动(dong)汽车,只有(you)一(yi)小部(bu)分领导(dao)(dao)用(yong)(yong)(yong)的是电(dian)动(dong)汽车。共产党、执(zhi)政(zheng)党领导(dao)(dao)人他(ta)们(men)如用(yong)(yong)(yong)电(dian)动(dong)车的话,将有(you)很(hen)(hen)大(da)的示(shi)范(fan)作用(yong)(yong)(yong)。为什么很(hen)(hen)多私企(qi)老板要买奥迪?他(ta)说国家政(zheng)府的领导(dao)(dao)都开奥迪,所以我们(men)也想用(yong)(yong)(yong)奥迪得瑟一(yi)下。

   

  这(zhei)是(shi)(shi)(shi)另外(wai)一(yi)(yi)个例(li)子。我们(men)要买(mai)(mai)别的(de)(de)(de)电(dian)网的(de)(de)(de)电(dian)可(ke)不可(ke)以,电(dian)网公(gong)司(si)实际(ji)上就(jiu)(jiu)是(shi)(shi)(shi)一(yi)(yi)个快(kuai)递。从(cong)淘宝(bao)买(mai)(mai)到公(gong)司(si)易货靠快(kuai)递送到另外(wai)一(yi)(yi)个地方(fang),电(dian)网公(gong)司(si)只是(shi)(shi)(shi)这(zhei)个作用。这(zhei)样一(yi)(yi)来的(de)(de)(de)话(hua),就(jiu)(jiu)看(kan)你的(de)(de)(de)电(dian)价(jia)制定是(shi)(shi)(shi)多少,如(ru)(ru)果电(dian)价(jia)加(jia)运费(fei),跟(gen)淘宝(bao)买(mai)(mai)东西一(yi)(yi)样,你买(mai)(mai)的(de)(de)(de)东西加(jia)运费(fei),有的(de)(de)(de)地方(fang)说淘宝(bao)这(zhei)个地方(fang)免运费(fei),你是(shi)(shi)(shi)不是(shi)(shi)(shi)就(jiu)(jiu)比较爱(ai)美。如(ru)(ru)果我们(men)买(mai)(mai)远方(fang)的(de)(de)(de)电(dian),远方(fang)的(de)(de)(de)电(dian)价(jia)加(jia)上电(dian)网输电(dian)的(de)(de)(de)成本(ben)就(jiu)(jiu)可(ke)以了。

   

  我们(men)现(xian)在知道,淘宝(bao)如果要卖电(dian)(dian)(dian),实际上(shang)有许多(duo)老(lao)百姓家(jia)里,电(dian)(dian)(dian)动汽车可(ke)(ke)以(yi)(yi)(yi)充电(dian)(dian)(dian),也可(ke)(ke)以(yi)(yi)(yi)用别的(de)(de)方(fang)式,比(bi)如说太阳能(neng)电(dian)(dian)(dian)池板,我发了(le)电(dian)(dian)(dian)是(shi)(shi)不(bu)是(shi)(shi)只(zhi)能(neng)卖给(ji)电(dian)(dian)(dian)力(li)公(gong)司(si),现(xian)在是(shi)(shi)这样。可(ke)(ke)是(shi)(shi)将来我们(men)的(de)(de)机(ji)制改变了(le)以(yi)(yi)(yi)后,你可(ke)(ke)以(yi)(yi)(yi)通过淘宝(bao)去卖给(ji)远(yuan)方(fang),你可(ke)(ke)以(yi)(yi)(yi)买广州的(de)(de),买武汉的(de)(de),或者买云(yun)南(nan)的(de)(de)都(dou)可(ke)(ke)以(yi)(yi)(yi),只(zhi)要电(dian)(dian)(dian)价便宜,运费合理(li),加起来核算就可(ke)(ke)以(yi)(yi)(yi)在淘宝(bao)中拍卖你的(de)(de)电(dian)(dian)(dian),而卖家(jia)就不(bu)一定是(shi)(shi)电(dian)(dian)(dian)力(li)公(gong)司(si),可(ke)(ke)以(yi)(yi)(yi)是(shi)(shi)远(yuan)方(fang)的(de)(de)电(dian)(dian)(dian)力(li)公(gong)司(si),也可(ke)(ke)以(yi)(yi)(yi)是(shi)(shi)私人的(de)(de),也就是(shi)(shi)C2C个人之(zhi)间的(de)(de)交(jiao)易(yi)做电(dian)(dian)(dian)能(neng)的(de)(de)买卖,所以(yi)(yi)(yi)电(dian)(dian)(dian)力(li)市(shi)场的(de)(de)开拓还有很长的(de)(de)路要走。

   

  当然,这样的(de)(de)故事清洁能(neng)(neng)在分时(shi)电(dian)价的(de)(de)基础上才可以实(shi)现(xian)。主要(yao)就是我们(men)的(de)(de)政(zheng)策和机制真(zhen)(zhen)正使得电(dian)力市场(chang)(chang)推向老百姓,给老百姓开(kai)(kai)大(da)(da)门,才真(zhen)(zhen)正有(you)可能(neng)(neng)实(shi)施(shi)。当电(dian)能(neng)(neng)的(de)(de)自由买(mai)卖实(shi)现(xian)以后,人们(men)将会有(you)能(neng)(neng)源(yuan)这一(yi)投资渠道(dao),就不(bu)要(yao)炒房子了,不(bu)要(yao)炒股票(piao)了,与其这样说(shuo),电(dian)力市场(chang)(chang)比炒房子、股票(piao)更有(you)市场(chang)(chang),我们(men)这个市场(chang)(chang)就能(neng)(neng)真(zhen)(zhen)正开(kai)(kai)拓(tuo),热(re)力市场(chang)(chang)也能(neng)(neng)真(zhen)(zhen)正开(kai)(kai)拓(tuo),我们(men)的(de)(de)雾(wu)霾治理才有(you)可能(neng)(neng)往(wang)前再(zai)走一(yi)步。谢谢大(da)(da)家!